Indian Railways the lifeline of transport system in our country, is evidently a huge setup, and an organization with numerous branches. With a dedicated ministry and budget in its name, railways help large portions of the country’s population in running their daily businesses successfully.
However, there are a few things you probably don’t know about our trains and Here are 25 incredibly interesting facts about Indian Railways:
◆ First Train : The first train in india ran on 16th April 1853 from Bombay to Thane.
◆ Fastest Train : New Delhi – Agra Gatimaan Express is the fastest train in india. This train clocks a maximum speed of 160km/h. The train has Executive class and Chair car category of seats and An eight inch LCD is also fixed behind each seat.
◆ Slowest Train : Ooty Nilgiri passenger is the Slowest train in india which runs at a speed of 10kmph.
◆ Longest run by a train : vivek express from Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari travels a distance of 4273 km, making it the longest run in terms of total time and distance in Indian Railways.
◆ Shortest run by a train : Scheduled services between Nagpur and Ajni stations situated just 3km from each other – primarily meant for crew to travel from Nagpur station to the workshop at Ajni.
◆ Longest non stop travel : Trivandrum – Nizamuddin Rajadhani Express travels the 528km between Vadodara and Kota non-stop.
◆ Train with most stops : The record for maximum number of stops by an Express train is held by Howrah – Amritsar Express 115 halts
◆ Least punctual train : Guwahati-Trivandrum Express is said to be the most unreliable long-distance train in the country. The charted journey time is 65 hours and 5 minutes, but the average delay on a trip is about 10-12 hours.
◆ Two stations at one location : Srirampur and Belapur are twi different stations in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra which are both at the same location on the railway route but on opposite sides of the track.
◆ Junction with most number of routes originating from it : Mathura junction with 7 routes- Broad Gauge line to Agra Cantt, BG line to Bharatpur, BG line to Alwar, BG line to Delhi, Metre Gauge (MG) line to Achnera, MG line to Vrindavan and MG line to Hathras, Kasganj.
◆ Most number of parallel tracks at one station : Seven parallel tracks between Bandra Terminus and Andheri 10km. Siliguri station on NFR holds the distinction of having three different gauges present.
◆ Longest Platform : Indian Railways owns the longest railway platform in the world at Kharagpur (West Bengal) with a lenght of 2,733 ft (1072m) in length.
◆ Longest Tunnel : The country’s longest tunnel is Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel 11,215 km that was completed in December 2012 in Jammu and Kashmir. The tunnel is yet to become functional railway route. Karbude on Konkan Railways, which is 6.5km in length previously held the title for the longest tunnel in India.
◆ Electric Trains : First Electric coach ran on the 3rd February 1925 between Bombay VT and Kurla stations.
◆ Computerized Reservations : First Reservation through the computer system commenced in New Delhi in the year 1986.
◆ Total Number of Trains : Indian Railways runs as many as 19,000 trains every day. Some 12,000 trains are for passengers and 7,000 for freight.
◆ Number of stations : The whole Indian Railway network has 7,083 stations.
◆ Sea Bridge : India’s first sea bridge, the Pamban Bridge is a cantilever bridge on the Palk Strait. It connected Rameswaram on Pamban Island ( Tamil Nadu ) to mainland India.
◆ Rail-cum-Road Bridge : Saraighat Bridge ( 1,492m ) is the first rail-cum-road bridge constructed over the Brahmaputra River in Guwahati, Assam. It was opened to passenger traffic in June 1963.
◆ Highest Rail Bridge : The world’s highest rail bridge being constructed over Chenab river in Jammu & Kashmir’s Reasi district ( Chenab Bridge ). Coming up at Kauri, it will be 359 meters (1,180 feet) above the riverbed ( five times the height of Qutub Minar and 35 meters taller than Eiffel tower )
◆ Last stations in North-South-East-West direction : Northernmost railway station is Baramulla in Jammu and Kashmir. Southernmost railway station is Kanyakumari, Westernmost railway station is Naliya near Bhuj in Gujarat. While the last station on the east of india is Ledo on branch line from Tinsukia.
◆ Longest station name : Venkata narasimharaju vari peta on the Arakkonam-Renigunta section near chennai.
◆ Shortest station name : IB , near Jharsuguda in Odisha.
◆ World Record : The New Delhi Main Station, having the world’s largest route relay interlocking system, has a place in the Guinness Book of Records.
◆ Indian Railways Property : Indian Railways have approximately 10.65 lakh acre of land. About 90 per cent of this land is under Railway’s operational and allied usages. The total vacant land, at present is about 1.13 lakh acre.